(EBOOK/PDF) [Medea Stimmen]
Back to the Breast: Natural Motherhood and Breastfeeding in America gAke for a truly effective downfall The value of this ultimately lies in my observations of how others react to it for race as well asender is a concern codified as they are now the traits of woolly hair and brown skin I am At Stake: Monsters and the Rhetoric of Fear in Public Culture grateful for Wolf for making this so explicit that even translation cannot be hid behind as last resort for it will make dealing with the audience of a future miniseries adaptation that much easier No I say You are not being faithful to the author s intent by following the customary route of blonde blue and white white white You just hate Incidentally she then asked me I don t know why whether human sacrifice existed among us in the lands of the setting sun Of course not I said indignantly she tilted her head to one side and looked at me searchingly No she said Not even when theoing is toughest I still answered no and she said thoughtfully Well Maybe that s really true About a year ago I read and loved David Vann s take on the Medea myth Bright Air Black It follows the original story very closely and offers few surprises in terms of plot for those already familiar with the tale but it endeavors and succeeds in iving Medea a narrative voice allowing her to tell her own story Christa Wolf s Medea published 20 years earlier than Bright Air Black is another feminist victory for this narrative but interestingly Wolf s and Vann s interpretations of Medea s character couldn t be different I love them bothVann s is very straightforward Though he at times renders her character sympathetic in a way that s deeply unsettling his Medea is every bit as violent and I am Medea the sorceress if you all will have it so The wild woman the foreigner You shall not belittle me I ve always declared to the dismay of many that if I ever had a daughter I would name her Medea My fascination with this larger than life woman has been undiminished ever since I started learning about the ancient endless eternal myths of my country from a relatively young age Call me weird but dark controversial figures have accompanied me for the most part of my reading life It also helped that my mother had the knowledge and the patience to explain to me how myths were made in a society of men by men and for men World Culture is loaded with mythical women who have been vilified as an excuse for the stupidity disloyalty and absolute lack of courage on men s part Eve Medea Helen of Troy Pandora Circe Phaedra JocastaThe list oes on and onA woman can either be a whore or a saint Too bad for the willing ones because the first team makes for the best of stories In this extraordinary moment in European Literature Christa Wolf reimagines Medea s story focusing on her last days in Corinth and culminating with the death of her sons The result is a haunting raw elegy of broken promises and thwarted dreams They ve made what they need out of each of us Out of you
the Hero and out of me the Wicked Witch They ve driven us apart like that Hero and out of me the Wicked Witch They ve driven us apart like that create myths to explain passions hopes wishes and inclinations They need the heroes the ones who battle against Black and White Strangers: Race and American Literary Realism gods and men as they need the scapegoats responsible when the herooes astray What happens when the Hero succeeds only after
The Scapegoat Has Provided Scapegoat has provided necessary help Well noone cares about this tiny detail all that matters is that the job is done However when everything crumbles because of disloyalty and ambition it s time for the Scapegoat to be driven out Medea is either a healer or a bringer of curse This is what the mob the ever changing witless crowd believes She is the Other the Foreigner the one who threatens the established order with her powers and invocations Jason is blaming his obsession and lust to Medea always unwilling to admit what a phony hero he is He doesn t care any the lory is his and it s time to find a younger docile wife who would worship him without uestions and thoughts of her own Is it a comfort to think that people everywhere fall short of the agreements they have made I feel that this uote expresses the essence of our times extremely accurately In the outstanding introduction Margaret Atwood refers to the political and social background and the status uo that shaped Wolf s work Coming from the troubled land of former East Germany it is clear that her political and social views influenced her writing How could it have been otherwise Medea was written in 1996 six years after the reunification of Germany and while reading one can feel a deep sense of bitterness and intense distrust
Towards The Institution Of The State And the institution of the state and authorities Knowing the political context Medea becomes much than a retelling of an ancient legend The writing and the characterization are uniue The portrait of Medea is moving sad hauntingThere are uite a few exceptional descriptions of the city of Corinth and the nightly scenes are eerie foreboding Don t expect any infanticides ore violence or sex and the end will surprise you I will not compare Wolf s work to Euripides or Seneca Each one is a different beast all masterpieces in their own right However I know which one I prefer Wolf s esoteric haunting solemn cry for the truth and for a world that turned out uite different than promised For the innocent victims of the frustrations of the mighty the demonization of the weakest links Up there in the dark night blue sky like a slightly tilted silver of peel the crescent moon was still swimming though on the wane reminding me of my waning years my Colchian moon endowed with the power to pull the sun up over the edge of the earth every morning My reviews can also be found N readers a portrayal of a fiercely independent woman ensnared in a political battle. It s odd how at times my readings appear to converge or echo each other uite unconsciously From two entirely different directions I determined to reread my collection of Emma Goldman s writings and Christa Wolf s Medea And yet I found striking parallels between Goldman and Medea Both women flee their homelands Tsarist Russia and Colchis respectively when young disillusioned with their countries Both travel to an idealized land that promises a better life America ancient Greece And both hook up with men who prove unreliable Alexander Berkman Jason But aside from these rather superficial correspondences the vital parallel is that both women fight to live in a world where they can freely express their individuality and beyond that for a world where everyone can have the same opportunity It can be disheartening to see how little progress we ve made in the 72 years since Goldman died Indeed I could suggest that we re rapidly becoming and like the societies both women fought against making this book and Emma Goldman all the relevantFor those unfamiliar with the story of Medea and that may be a larger figure than I d like to think considering the state of modern education let me uote from Margaret Atwood s introduction as she Blood Runs Green: The Murder That Transfixed Gilded Age Chicago gives a reasonably concise outlineAeson king of Iolcus in Thessaly had his throne usurped by this half brother Pelias Aeson s son Jason was saved and sent away to be educated by the centaur Cheiron Grown to manhood he arrived at the court of Pelias to claim his birthright but Pelias said he would surrender the throne only on condition that Jason bring back the Golden Fleece from Colchis a demand which was thought to be the euivalent of a death sentence as Colchis situated at the extreme end of the Black Sea was thought to be unreachable Jason had either to refuse the uest andive up all hope of the throne or accept it and endanger his life He chose the latter course and summoned fifty heroes from all over Greece to his aid These were the Argonauts named after their ship who after many perils and adventures arrived at last at Colchis There Jason demanded the Golden Fleece as his by inheritanceAe tes King of Colchis set impossible conditions Jason was ready to admit defeat when he was seen by Princess Medea daughter of Ae tes Berlioz and the Romantic Century granddaughter of Helius the sunod priestess of the Triple Goddess of the Underworld and a powerful sorceress Overcome by her love for Jason she used her occult knowledge to help him surmount the various obstacles and to obtain the Fleece in return for which Jason swore by all the Building Ideas: An Architectural Guide to the University of Chicago gods to remain true to her forever Together with the Argonauts the two lovers set sail by night but once the alarm was raised King Ae tes and the Colchians followed themSome say Jason killed Medea s younger brother Apsyrtus others that Medea herself murdered the boy dismembered him and scattered the pieces in the ocean After several escapades the two now lawfully man and wife were welcomed at Corinth by its King CreonJason forgetting both his debt ofratitude and his vows to all the ods forsook his loyalty to Medea Some say he was swayed by the insinuations of Creon others that he
was overcome by a new love others that overcome by a new love others that was impelled by ambition but in any case he decided to repudiate Medea and marry Creon s daughter Glauce thus becoming the heir to Corinth Medea herself was to be banished from the cityMedea torn by conflicting emotions concocted a horrible revenge Pretending to accept Jason s decision and to wish for peace between them she sent a bridal ift to lauce a beautiful but poisonous gift to Glauce a beautiful but poisonous which when the rays of the sun hit it burst into flame whereupon Glauce in agony threw herself into a well Some say that the people of Corinth then stoned Medea s children to death others that she herself killed them either to save them from a worse fate or to pay Jason back for his treachery She then disappeared from Corinth some say in a chariot drawn by dragons Jason abandoned by the ods whom he had foresworn became a wandering vagabond and was at last crushed by the prow of his own rotting ship pp ix xiAs Atwood alludes and as one can read in Robert Graves The Greek Myths there are many variations to the story It was ancient when Homer composed The Iliad and its most ancient layers hearken back to a pre Greek era when the Goddess in her many uises was the supreme deity and women than the chattel of their male relations It s this most archaic stratum that Wolf mines to present her version of the myth While it can be read as a strictly feminist tract it shouldn t be It s issues are far *BROADER THAN A DISCUSSION OF WOMEN *than a discussion of women place in society It s a critiue of modern capitalist and yes male dominated culture and on a personal and the important level it s an argument for the importance of retaining one s integrity as a person in the face of enormous pressure to conform and submit And that s why I ve revised my rating to four stars it spoke to me powerfully now than it did 15 years ago when I was unfortunately a less discerning readerWolf picks up the tale toward the end of Medea s exile in Corinth She and Jason are estranged and she has long since lost any illusions she may have had about the nature of her erstwhile lover s homeland It is as corrupt and oppressive as Colchis was becoming under her father s faltering rip The story is told in six voices Medea s of course but also Jason s Glauce s Agameda s a Colchian exile Akamas Creon s first astronomer and Leukon s the city s second astronomerAGAMEDA Agameda one of the Colchian exiles who have followed Medea and a former pupil is. Medea is among the most notorious women in Greek tragedy a woman who sacrifices her. An angry young woman Too weak to live up to the standards Medea sets for herself and others Agameda embraces Corinth and accepts her role as a woman in it though she ruthlessly manipulates the men around her to ruin Medea Everything revolves around herself and there s no thought for others As she notesWe spoke not a syllable about what this desired result might be We made a Bulletproof Feathers game of our plans whichrew and refined and played it in an unreal atmosphere as though no one could be affected by our playing If one wishes to think freely and effectively at the same time this is a very useful method It s a kind of thinking over that we in Colchis haven t yet recognized and supposedly Carson Pirie Scott: Louis Sullivan and the Chicago Department Store given only to men but I know I have a talent for it Only I practice it in secret p 64And she combines a colossal ego p 59 with low self esteem p 58If Agameda symbolizes anything in this myth it s the person who submits to oppression then manipulates the system to feather her own nest deluding herself that she has power over her destiny and othersJASON If Agameda is the sly uisling who betrays her own interests for short term fantasies of power Jason is one who submits and then does his best to remain unnoticed He s theullible idiot who believes the lies and self delusions He doesn t even pretend to manipulate events but whines incessantly about his powerlessness Both of his chapters begin with a variation of chapter nine s plaint I didn t want any of this to happen but what could I have done p 165GLAUCE Glauce is burdened with a hideous secret view spoilerher sister s murder by her father hide spoiler Do we let ourselves Charting an Empire: Geography at the English Universities 1580-1620 go back to the ancients or do they catch up with us No matter Areat deal of fan fiction is written to the tune of reacting to earlier material bloated with populist credibility with What the fuck is this shit Sometimes it ll be the politer shade of Shakespeare smoothing out and filling in the Chameleon Hours gaps of his stolen histories with nary a trace of his authorial human self Other times an I Tituba Black Witch of Salem will rise out of the words of a Maryse Cond and run roughshod over evidence andenre and reality in eual measure Milton preferred shitting on everything and trusting that his prose would save him which it and his pasty skin and cisnormative dick did in the long run canonically speaking but that doesn t make his Paradise Lost any fundamentally original The most emphatic however would have to be Wolf not Woolf although I adore her works as well and her kind Ancient Greeks were chosen by Europeans as heralded ancestors for reasons than the vainglorious and nonsensical theory that is race and to an Anglocentric reader such as I this is easily explained by when at a particular point in history Englanders could sing The ueen is dead Long live the King Do you know what they re looking for Medea she asked me They re looking for a woman who ll tell them that they re not Chicago Architecture (Architecture Urbanism) guilty of anything that theods whom they worship by chance compel them in their undertakings That the track of blood they leave behind is proper to their male nature as the ods have determined it There are a lot of people who believe the world is only five hundred years old They wave away the rampant normalization of the white male as the norm as a biological destiny throw tantrums when you point out how said biology breaks down the white and the male and then some nod solemnly to themselves when you decide you re better off talking to people whose nightmares are off talking to people whose nightmares are oppression and fear rather than immigrants and increased taxes Very few of that sort would pick up a book like this but you can rest assured they were too busy being threatened by what it had to say to do the customary thing of clinging tightly to objectivity in the fact of castration and the other breeds of damage the maenads can wreak Look the woman who tore men to pieces were just a facet of the times and the way in which the narrative uncritically portrays this is just the author embodying the mindset of the character as all authors rightfully should If you re threatened by this past fiction mirroring certain aspects of your modern day reality sucks for you For the first time I found solace in the fact that I don t have to live forever It s not as triumphant as that of course The point of tragedies isn t to solve them The only way that happens is when the tragedy no longer strikes a common chord and what with the
word common becoming ever increasingly complicated by the common becoming ever increasingly complicated by the that common once meant top dog tragedy is accordingly becoming increasingly complicated by a lack of both the refrigerators and the bodies of Others with which to fill them Medea has her share but in Wolf s take the boy may have been disemboweled in an incestuous way but not in the way you think you know The daughter may have disappeared but not for the power of any who end the narrative in exile The wife may have been driven to her doom but there is a vast different between accursed and escape The children are one long live the children but there is than one species in the animal kingdom wherein the father eats their youngI didn t like this nearly as much as The uest for Christa T but when one is comparing absolute favorites to mortal works one has to cut a bit of slack It was mainly due to the fact that when it comes to historical fictioning however mythological fellow favorite Memoirs of Hadrian is the yardstick Multiple points of view made for a multifarious trip but if a tragedy doesn t wrench the heart out of me it means that the delivery showed its narratological seams too often to Own children to her jealous rage In this novel Wolf explodes the myth offering moder.