[Just Americans: How Japanese Americans Won a War at Home and Abroad] EBOOK/EPUB
An important ead to better understand our legacy our present and our future It should be A Kangaroo's Life remembered that just last year the Supreme Courtebuked its 1944 decision finding the internment of Korematsu lawful as military necessityKorematsu was gravely wrong the day it was decided has been overruled in the court of history and to be clear has no place in law under the Constitution "This account of the bravery of the 100th442d in Italy and France as well as the travesty of doing so "account
"Of The Bravery Of "the bravery of 100th442d in Italy and France as well as the travesty *Of Doing So 120000 *doing so 120000 their fellow AMERICAN citizens and family members were stripped of their property homes and businessesIt s not enough to know just snippets of this history It is important that we take the time for the long ead and the deep look This book goes a long way towards that In October 1944 there were four companies of a Texas Division of soldiers who were stranded in eastern France behind enemy lines They were without einforcements or supplies but they ended up being Filosofía e inmanencia rescued by the 442nd Regimental Combat Team which was composed of Nisei men of Japanese ancestryThe 442nd had participated in seven major campaigns in Italy and Franceeceived seven Presidential Distinguished Unit citations and suffered 9486 casualties and was awarded 18143 individual decorations all within a period of less than two yearsTheir motto was Go For Broke More than 22500 Japanese Americans served in the Army in WWII 18000 of them in segregated units most of the The Monacan Indian Nation of Virginia: The Drums of Life rest used in the Pacific theater as translatorsKeep in mind though that this was at a time when many of their families were being kept behind barbed wire in internment camps on the US mainland The people had not been charged with any crime yet theirights were taken away from them and they were basically treated like criminalsOnce Pearl Harbor was attacked things changed adically for the persons of Japanese ancestry in Hawaii but not as adically as those who lived on the West Coast Lt Gen Delos Emmons the military commander of the islands considered evacuation and Murder in Gutenthal relocation of the persons of Japanese ancestry living in Hawaii but instead of making a uick decision he talked to others andealized that evacuation and elocation wasn t necessary or practicalThe main thing was that the persons of Japanese ancestry in Hawaii were integrated into the American culture than were those living on the West Coast The eason for that deals mainly with prejudice the AJA Americans of Japanese Ancestry who lived in Hawaii did not have to deal with anywhere near the level of prejudice those on the West Coast did The AJAs in Hawaii formed about a third of the population and they were major factors in the economics of Hawaii The AJAs on the West Coast though had been disliked and hated for years they white farmers were jealous of how successful the AJA farmers were and the so called community leaders often took strong anti AJA stands along with the newspapersSo the AJAs on the West Coast were never On the Field of Glory: an Historical Novel of the Time of King John Sobieski really given a chance to fully integrate into the larger American society while those in Hawaii were able toOn May 28 1942 Emmons was ordered toeorganize Japanese American soldiers into the 298th and 299th provisional battalions The groups a week later had sailed to San Francisco where they were then calle. A sneak attack by an enemy power leaves thousands of Americans dead A minority group in America is harassed for its ties to a foreign country A worldwide conflict tests our Lassie Come-Home resolve in combat abroad and our commitment to justice euality and liberty at homeWithin months after Pearl Harbor 110000 Japanese Americans were forcibly “evacuated” from the West Coast losing their jobs their property and their homes In less than a year they were “relocated” and incarcerated in desolate camps throughout the West Southwest and South Yet incredibly thousands of young men from the camps joined the Army to defend the country that had denied them theirights This is the dramatic story of the segregated Japanese Ameri.
Robert Asahina ✓ 5 SummaryIng of the evacuees and the 442nd
a hero s welcome New York City I picked up this book because I wanted to ead about the Japanese American fighting units in WW2 I had heard about them being the most decorated units in WW2 and ecently finished Ken Burns s documentary on WW2 which featured them and included interview clips with the late Senator Daniel Inouye who was part of it And just last month I spent two days at the WW2 Museum in New Orleans and saw them mentioned So when I saw this book at my library I grabbed it While it does touch on the military exploits of the unit particularly their escue of the Lost Battalion in the Vosges Mountains of France it spends time dealing with the politics and epercussions of FDR s Executive Order 9066 which authorized the American military and allowed FDR some political cover to force Japanese Americans from their homes and into concentration camps We usually see them called internment camps because of the negative connotations of what the Germans were also doing at the time but they were concentration camps pure and simpleThe order was supported by the ACLU of all people and declared legal by the Supreme Court in Korematsu vs United States in 1944 FDR had appointed EIGHT justices to the Supreme Court during his tenure The court has a total of nine justices so all but one were his appointees Six of his appointees sided with his executive order The Court s decision is widely considered one of the most shameful decisions in its history along with Dred Scott vs Sanford in 1857The books closes with an appendix that discusses the moral and legal amifications of the order as well as stating the fact that after some time it was Mr. Majeika and the Dinner Lady and Mr. Majeika and the Music Teacher really just a massive social engineering experiment on the part of a progressive experiment It also discusses present dayevisionist history that essentially has conservatives and progressives flip flopping positions on it with conservatives trying to justify it and progressives denouncing it although their side was behind it The "AUTHOR GOES THROUGH A BRIEF HISTORY OF THE CIVIL "goes through a brief history of the civil movement and the current day identity politics in an attempt to explain this shiftThe books is worth eading for this appendix alone While the book was not what exactly what I was looking for I was fascinated and learned a lot I ecommend it Wow This is one of the best books that I have Ninth City Burning (War of the Realms, read in a very long time While their families were put into camps and denied basic humanights the men of the 100th Battalion and the 442 Regimental Combat Team fought for the US in Italy and France Their heroism can best be summed up from the book itselfIn less than two years of World War II the 442nd had participated in seven major campaigns in Italy and France Der Ritter und die Bastardtochter received seven Presidential Distinguished Unit Citations and suffered 9486 causalities according to the Selective Service System and was awarded 18143 individual decorations As Gen Mark Clark commander of the Fifth Army to which the 442nd was attached in Italy pointed out this was theecord of a unit whose original strength was about 3500 men pg 5 The author is angry for us I think he could have let the facts speak for themselves If you don t get that these acts were despicable then telling you won t likely help. E “relocation”Through interviews with surviving veterans archival Chinaberries and Crows research maps and photos Robert Asahina haseconstructed these fateful events of October November 1944 From breathless battle scenes masterfully handled in all their detail; to the unbreakable bonds of friendship in the field; to heart wrenching stories of loss and discrimination on the mainland and in Hawaii Just Americans tells the story of what Gen George C Marshall called the “most decorated unit in American military history for its size and length of service” It is also the story of soldiers in combat who were fighting a greater battle at home a struggle that continues for minority groups today over what it means to be an American. D the 100th battalion and then shipped to Wisconsin for trainingThe book also describes the differences between the AJAs from Hawaii the Buddhaheads and the AJAs from the mainland the kotonks The two groups did not get along at all well at first They had ather different cultures that tended to clashThe book also talks about the no no s caused by the controversial uestions 27 and 28 on a uestionnaire and how they ended up at the Tule Lake internment camp There is also a discussion of the call for volunteers and how AJAs from Hawaii volunteered than did AJAs from the US which is not surprising considering they and their families were in internment campsMay 1943 Assistant Secretary of War McCloy says there is no longer any military necessity for the continued exclusion of all Japanese from the evacuated zone Still the internees were not free to eturn and were not wantedThe book points out that in the six months after Pearl Harbor Nazi subs sunk 185 ships off the East and Gulf Coasts of the US yet there was no cry to intern persons of German ancestry in the Eastern USFDRs plan was basically to disperse the persons of Japanese ancestry throughout the United States and not allow them to Blessed Are the Wicked remain concentrated on the West Coast Thus the internment program was actually partially a social program to force theelocation of an entire ace of people This could have been planned to help them assimilate or it could have been planned as a means of destroying the unity of the Japanese American community with the eventual goal of phasing out that communityOne eason for not allowing the internees to eturn earlier to the West Coast was that there was an election year and FDR didn t want to stir up any political on the West Coast by eleasing the internees and allowing them to eturn to their former homesProblems arose when there was an effort to draft some of the internees This caused a lot of personal difficulties Here they were locked up behind barbed wire their homes gone their jobs gone and they were expected to espond positively to an order to fight and maybe die for the country thatGot A Hero S Welcome
denying them their Reform, Red Scare, and Ruin rights American citizens The men would have to decide whether to go along with the draft orefuse to and take the conseuencesThe book then goes into a lot of detail about the 100th Battalion and their fighting in Europe The book is worth buying just for this section aloneIn November of 1944 the American Lesion post in Hood River Oregon erased the names of sixteen American soldiers "from a memorial honoring servicemen from the area The move was denounced by the Secretary War Stimson "a memorial honoring servicemen from the area The move was denounced by the Secretary of War Stimson called it wholly inconsistent with American ideals of democracy The commander of the Salinas Valley American Legion said We don t want Japanese here and we said so bluntly in a Grauwacht recentesolution There appears nothing we can do about it however Within the first five months after the announcement that the elocation centers would be closed incidents of violence against eturning Japanese Americans had Lies, Damned Lies, and History reached such proportions that Secretary Ickes issued a public statement denouncing the perpetrators and demanding effective protection for theeturning evacuees The East Coast on the other hand was much open to the The New World return. Can 100th Battalion442d Regimental Combat Team and what they did to affirm their full citizenship As Gen Jacob L Devers put it in World War II the soldiers of the 100th442d had “ than earned theight to be called just Americans not Japanese AmericansDuring the fall of 1944 the combat team made headlines when it escued the “lost battalion” of the 36th “Texas” Division At the same time with the 1944 elections looming the Roosevelt Administration was debating whether to close the camps And while the soldiers of the 100th442d were sacrificing their lives in Europe the Supreme Court was deciding the infamous Korematsu and Endo cases which challenged the notion that “military necessity” justified th. .Was Denying Them Their Rights