[PDF DOWNLOAD] Lezioni americane sei proposte per il prossimo millennio AUTHOR Italo Calvino
Is an unsurprisingly lucid theorist as well
Among his final works these his final works these five essays were drawn from lectures he he was prevented from delivering his death in 1985 each covering a different literary trait he most valued A 6th was never written down Eually ordered and discursive each offers insight into Calvino s writing though much of it this is self evident in the writing as well commentary on literary history and useful notes on areas of consideration that should really be on any writer s mind when beginning a new work Actually following that prior comment I should say these traits are SO self evident in Calvino s writing that the direct explication of them is almost unneccessary Not that there isn t much to value here but only after you ve already considered much to value here but only after you ve already considered like Invisible Cities and If on a Winter s Night a Traveler for yourself The examples outshine their analysis or any specific analysis for that matter INTERVIEWER What place if any at all does delirium have in your working life ITALO CALVINO Delirium Let s assume I answer I am always rational Whatever I say or write everything is subject to reason clarity and logic What would you think of me You d think I m completely blind when it comes to myself a sort of paranoiac If on the other hand I were to answ I would not be so drastic I think we are always searching for something hidden or merely potential or hypothetical following its traces whenever they appear on the surface I think our basic mental processes have come down to us through every period of history ever since our Paleolithic forefathers who were hunters and gatherers The word connects the visible trace with the invisible thing the absent thing the thing that English review at the bottomPer spiegarvi perch bisognerebbe leggere uesto saggio a tutti anche a chi di letteratura non gliene importa e non ne mastica user una citazione una soltantoSiamo nella prima lezione Leggerezza Uno degli emblemi di uesto valore per Calvino il Cavalcanti protagonista della novella VI9 del Decameron un personaggio silenzioso solitario un personaggio anche che all inizio della novella in uestione sembra molte cose ma non leggero un intellettuale un filosofo un letterato un giovane che rinuncia volentieri alla vita chiassosa e gaudente della giovent fiorentina e preferisce dedicarsi alla riflessione alla meditazione ai libri Tale messer Betto e la sua compagnia allora decidono un giorno di occupare il proprio tempo dando briga al povero Guido che in uel momento passeggia tra i sepolcri di marmo disposti davanti alla chiesa di San Giovanni I giovani cominciano a sbeffeggiarlo sembrano divertirsi anche finch Guido non risponde con delle parole che li spiazzano Signori voi mi potete dire a casa vostra ci che vi piace E Boccaccio continua cos E posta la mano sopra una di uelle arche che grandi erano s come colui che leggerissimo era prese un salto e fusi gittato dall altra parte e sviluppatosi da loro se n and L interpretazione di uesta controbattuta deliziosa e la lascio a voi perch come mi capitato recentemente di constatare le battute e le citazioni en passant hanno pi gusto uando le si assaggia solo col pensiero senza adoperare il bisturi del ragionamento scritto che ne suarcerebbe il velo Ma arriviamo cos alla citazione che vi avevo promesso col mio attacco no non era uella la citazione ossia le parole con cui Calvino commenta uesto episodioL agile salto improvviso del poeta filosofo si solleva sulla pesantezza del mondo dimostrando che la sua gravit contiene il segreto della leggerezza mentre uella che molti credono essere la vitalit dei tempi rumorosa aggressiva scalpitante e rombante appartiene al regno della morte come un cimitero d automobili arrugginiteEcco perch uesti saggi andrebbero letti a tutti e da tutti Anche per tante altre ragioni ma soprattutto per uesta perch Calvino non parla mai di letteratura per la letteratura Parla di letteratura per l oggi Parla di letteratura per me e per i miei coinuilini ingegneri per mia madre che uando sente nominare Dante suda perch le ricorda le interrogazioni al liceo per mio padre medico che da ragazzino voleva leggere ma non poteva farlo perch non poteva permettersi i libri per mia sorella ragazzina che i libri pu permetterseli ma pare che non voglia investirci pi t Lezioni americane sei proposte per il prossimo millennio Six Memos for the Next Millennium Italo CalvinoSix Memos for the Next Millennium is a book based on a series of lectures written by Italo Calvino for the Charles Eliot Norton Lectures at Harvard but never delivered as Calvino died before leaving Italy The lectures were originally written in Italian and translated by Patrick Creagh The lectures were to be given in the fall of 1985 and Memos was published in 1988 The memos are lectures on the values of literature that Calvino felt were important for the coming millennium At the time of his death Calvino had finished all but the last lecture The Memos The values which Calvino highlights are 1 Lightness 2 uickness 3 Exactitude 4 Visibility 5 Multiplicity All that is known of the sixth lecture is that it was to be on consistency 2009 1387 160 9789642090139 1394 140 9789642132683 20 13051399. ?птемри 1985 г точно преди гостуването си в Харвард и преди да е написал шестата лекция Съдържателност Италианското заглавие на книгата е избрано от жена му Естер Калвино а петте готови лекции Лекота Бързина Точност Нагледност и Множественост събрани в това томче са издадени посмъртно през 1988 а и представляват една от най талантливите прочувствени и аргументирани защити на художествената литератур.
essays were drawn lectures he he was prevented from delivering
Five Essays Were Drawn
DOWNLOAD Ø eBook, ePUB or Kindle PDF Á Italo CalvinoAfter posting a couple grumbling reviews I owe the world of authors some Gratitude I First Read I first read s little book in 1988 and periodically I pick it up and read parts of it again Six Memos are actually five lectures illuminating the ualities Calvino most valued in fiction lightness uickness exactitude visibility and multiplicity What s almost miraculous is that Calvino s lectures are perfect examples of the virtues he celebrates graceful amused lustrous with civilized intelligence Criticism practiced as delightHere s one of my favorite snippets from the chapter uickness I would like to edit a collection of tales consisting of one sentence only or even a single line But so Far I Haven T Found I haven t found to match the one by the Guatemalan writer August Monterroso Cuando despert el dinosauro todav a estaba all When I woke up the dinosaur
still there Calvino ust so effortlessly wonderful He and literature have a very intimate relationship and she tells him secrets about herself that no one else gets to hear Until now Calvino spills the beans on what are the ualities he feels are most important to the literature of the future lightness uickness exactitude visibility and multiplicityI think my favorites were lightness and multiplicity considering that uickness exactitude and visibility seem to be very self evidently positive ualities of literature who wants to read a slow vague abstract novel But the idea of lightness as a positive uality was fresh for me not lightness as insubstantial but rather be light like the bird not the feather And the goal of literature as a connector of the wildly disparate knowledges of the modern world the multiplicity of knowledge in every book I think is a courageous call to arms especially if coupled with uickness and lightnessCalvino occasionally meanders a wee bit too far from his topics in the essays but his digressions are terrifically thought provoking His vast knowledge of world literature is also inspiring he basically provides a list of great authors you should read if they re good enough for CalvinoAlthough this has the potential to be a little bit too academic for some I heartily recommend this as caviar for a hungry mind Calvino s lectures prepared but not delivered late in his career are ust as thought provoking as his fiction He discusses some key broad aspects of literature and his personal discoveries of certain propulsive forces in writing His discussion of Multiplicity I found most interesting and the way he categorized encyclopedic and plural texts It will certainly aid your understanding if you are already familiar with Flaubert Gadda Balzac Ovid Dante Boccaccio Shakespeare Mann Goethe Poe Borges Calvino Leopardi Eliot Joyce Perec da Vinci and but familiarity is by no means reuired for enjoyment Skillfully Calvino ropes in the work of all of these authors outlines their methods in some measure and suggests how precisionism or autodidacticism or lightness and suggestion led into the completion or success of the work By handling a wide range of styles and general approaches Calvino offers a splendid viewpoint of artistic achievements of the mindThere are many uotes especially from the Zibaldone which could have used some condensation But it is easy to see how Calvino s own work such as If On a Winter s Night Cloven Viscount Baron in the Trees Nonexistent Knight Invisible Cities Palomar Cosmicomics and other books were inspired by literary predecessors and he even reveals the sparks of intuitive imagination that led to their shape and form Let s start with the fact that Italo Calvino is one of my favorite writers of all time His crystalline surrealism easy tone at least in translation and whimsical subjects by which I mean situations and characters inclusive are to me compelling To say that I went into this book with a favorable view of the author would be a gross understatement I absolutely adore Calvino s workNow I am also discovering that I don t really like many books about writing Moorcock s Death is No Obstacle is so far as I ve read the best book on writing out there Calvino s Six Memos for the Next Millennium is a close second A very close secondWhat you won t find in this book are lessons on grammar editorial tips or the best way to market your book to the masses using obnoxious tactics like going on Goodreads and spamming members when you have not bothered to review than a half dozen books or looked to see if said members share any kind of interest in books of your type whatsoever sorry was I using my outside voice when I said that Silly meWhat you will find here is a peek behind Calvino s magic curtain You will see that even his explanations about how he does his work are magical You won t see the nuts and bolts of how Calvino mechanically goes about constructing his stories though he is very methodical but you will see a high level treatise on Calvino s state of mind as he writes This is a philosophical text cleverly disguised as a book about writingThe book is divided into five sections Five you ask What happened to the sixth The sixth memo is Consistency lightly penciled into the handwritten table of contents provided by Calvino at the beginning. През юни 1984 г Итало Калвино е официално поканен от Харвардския университет за лекционната поредица Чарлз Елиът Нортън Става въпрос за цикъл от шест лекции които се изнасят в рамките на една академична година за Калвино това трябва да бъде 19851986 Традицията на Нортъновите лекции започва от 1926 г и преди Калвино за тях са канени творци от порядъка на Т С Елиът Игор Стравински Хорхе Луис Борхес Нортръп Фр. Of the book In fact it looks as if it had been written in then erased an irony that is as Calvino esue as anything else I can think ofThe first memo Lightness is the one thing that I struggle with the most as a writer Here Calvino is not talking about lightness as it relates to hue but as it relates to mass He gives the example from Boccaccio s Decameron a story in which the Florentine poet Guido Cavalcanti is beset by some men who want to pick a philosophical fight with him in a graveyard Guido seeing himself surrounded by them answered uickly Gentlemen you may say anything you wish to me in your own home Then resting his hand on one of the great tombs and being very nimble he leaped over it and landing on the other side made off and rid himself of themNow call me strange it s true but this is something I can sink my writerly teeth into I can apply this principle of lightness not because Calvino has given me specific instructions on how to do it but because he has opened a window for me to stick my head out look around take stock of the landscape and enjoy it He s put me in the headspace I need to be in to integrate this principle of lightness into my writingAnd so it is with the remaining principles Of uickness Calvino states I am a Saturn who dreams of being a Mercury and everything I write reflects these two impulsesAnd reading the context of this memo I know exactly what he means and see that struggle in myself In fact this is my favorite uote about writing ever written But can I take this down to the grammatical level and explain it to someone else Hardly I know in my bones what Calvino is saying but explain it in figures and diagrams I cannotIn the section on Exactitude Calvino goes to some extent to explain how vagueness can only be properly described with exactitude In speaking of the evocative power of words and the importance of using them in the most exact way he states The word connects the visible trace with the invisible thing the absent thing the thing that is desired or feared like a frail emergency bridge flung over an abyssAgain a bit of intuition and reflection is reuired to really grasp what he is saying Not because his statement is poorly written but because this notion is an abstract concept This writing book if one can assign such a banal descriptor to it reuires the reader to thinkMemo four Visibility dwells on the imagination as the impetus for all creativity particularly the visual imagination While he acknowledges that literary work might arise from the hearing of a good turn of phrase or from an academic exercise the majority of such creations arise from a visual cue in the writer s mind Thus the need to use exactitude to describe the visual seed of a story or book which allows the reader to see intoWas Still There Calvino
The Mind Of Themind of the If But For A Moment but for a moment anchors the story in the reader s mindMultiplicity is the fifth and most inappropriately titled memo I might have used the word Nestedness or even Complexity to give the reader a head start but hey it wasn t my book to write I do feel that this is the weakest section of the book and Calvino acknowledges as much as the decision to try to form an all inclusive novel meaning including ALL is to try to form an all inclusive novel meaning including ALL is a uestion of writerly preference rather than a universal principle which one ought to apply to writing a novel Still Calvino calls on the example of Borges and the Oulipo to demonstrate what is possible in a novel eve if the pursuit of such a work might not always be advisableAs a part of this fifth memo Calvino states his vision of the aim of literature the grand challenge for literature is to be capable of weaving together the various branches of knowledge the various codes into a manifold and multifaceted vision of the worldUnfortunately Calvino did not live to see the new millennium He would have been fascinated by the possibilities of hypertext no doubt and his memo on multiplicity dwells in fact on the need for open ended work with several possible endings a multi dimensional plot that reaches through various realities a la Borges The Garden of Forking Paths and gathers them into one text He even goes so far as to call his experimental If on a winter s night a traveler a hypernovel Perhaps in another reality Calvino is exploring the infinite possibilities of literature and will one day find his way back to teach us like some kind of literary Messiah In the meantime he has left Six Memos for the Next Millennium as a travel ournal showing the direction he might have gone inviting us to follow This is a series of lectures and in each of them Calvino takes it upon himself to recommend to the next millennium a particular literary value which he holds dear and has tried to embody in his work That way this book becomes not only a manifesto on how to write but also a guide to interpreting Calvino s writings 1 Lightness not frivolity but a lightness of touch that allows the writer and reader to soar above the paralyzing heaviness of the world2 uickness the mental speed of the narrative he takes the rapid trot of a folktale as his model here The narrative should pul Italo Calvino given the meticulousness and conceptual cohesion of his storytelling. ай Октавио ПасЗа първи път се предлага участие на италиански писател и идеята е той да представи заниманията си по възможно най концентрирания и красноречив начин пред студентитеКалвино се заема да пише шест предложения за следващото хилядолетие някои достойнства качества или характерни черти на литературата които са ми особено скъпи в перспективата на новото хилядолетиеПочива от инсулт през с?.